Fred Cox DC-8 Jet Collection – EA DC-8-21
DC-8 Jet Collection
Color Scheme: Experimental Colors
Dimensions: Length: 9.5″ (24cm), Wingspan 9″ (23cm)
Model History: Produced for me by Bader Models, Bahrain. Acquired
on November 22, 1999. This Livery was an experimental one that
Eastern tested in November, 1964 only on one aircraft – N8610.
Later it was refined into the "Hockey Stick" Livery
used on all of their aircraft.
DC-8 History: The origins of Eastern Air Lines date back
to 1927 and a company named Picairn Aviation who received the
contract to fly mail from New York to Atlanta and then on to Miami
in 1928. In 1929 North American Aviation acquired Picairn &
on January 17, 1930 Picairn Aviation became Eastern Air Transport,
Inc. On August 18,1930 Eastern carried it’s very first passengers
between New York and Richmond and later on to Atlanta. Prior to
this date only US Air Mail was carried. However, Eastern didn’t
really "take off" until Captain Eddie Rickenbacker was
appointed as General Manager on January 1, 1935 and turned the
airline into a profitable one that same year – which was a first
in the US Airline Industry. It was Captain Eddie who took these
humble beginnings to what we know now as the great airline giant
that Eastern Air Lines became (one of the "Big 4" of
the US Trunk Airlines – along with United, American & TWA).
Now, jump to 1955 when the "Big 4" were ordering their
first pure jet equipment and Captain Rickenbacker chose to order
26 Douglas DC-8s. The first 6 of the order were to be the Series
10 with the smaller, water injection JT3C engines and the remainder
of the order would be the Series 20 with the more powerful JT4
turbojets which did not require water injection on takeoff. This
order was later amended to drop the order for the Series 10s and
take delivery of 20 Series 20s to save money on engine maintenance
costs & for the better performance of the Series 20s. When
these first 6 delivery slots for the Series 10 were dropped this
enabled Delta to acquire them and become the first airline to
inaugurate DC-8 service on Sept. 18, 1959 (along with United later
that same day). However, Capt. Rickenbacker was convinced that
the 4 month wait for the Series 20s would be well worth it. Eastern
took Factory Delivery of it’s first DC-8-21 on January 3, 1960
and was the first airline to place the DC-8-21 into service on
January 24, 1960 from New York – Idlewild to Miami. Eastern titled
their DC-8-21s as the DC-8B "The Jet with Power to Spare"
but this "B" label was later prohibited by the CAB so
Eastern had to stop using it in their advertising. Only the first
DC-8 delivered to Eastern (N8601) had the DC-8B title on it. Click
Here to See a Eastern DC-8-21 Model in the Original Delivery Scheme.
Ultimately the DC-8-21 order was reduced back to 15 (4 orders
cancelled and 1 leased to Aeronaves de Mexico) due to Eastern’s
concern with possible overcapacity and the public’s acceptance
of the new pure jet aircraft. Interestingly,
during the first two years of DC-8-21 operations Eastern had no
less the eight significantly different paint scheme variations
– which is a must be a record! By the mid-1960s Eastern
had settled on their popular "Hockey Stick" Scheme which
is depicted on the DC-8-61 Model above. The model above depicts
an Experimental Scheme which preceded the final "Hockey Stick"
Scheme. During the mid-1960s to early 1970s Eastern also bought
or leased 3 DC-8-51s, a DC-8-54F & a DC-8-55F. During the
late 1960s Eastern took Factory Delivery of 17 DC-8 Super 61s
and 6 long range DC-8 Super 63PFs. The DC-8-61s were used on high
demand markets such as New York-Miami & New York-San Juan.
Click Here To See an Eastern DC-8-61 Model.
The DC-8-63PF (Passenger/Freighter) model was made specifically
for Eastern. It was an all passenger model with the stronger landing
gear & fuselage of the freighter – but had no freighter door
like the CF (Convertible Freighter) models. Thus the PF could
be easily be converted to an all freighter at a later date, but
Eastern never did and always operated them as all passenger planes.
Eastern had acquired the DC-8-63PFs in anticipation of being awarded
routes to the South Pacific from several Eastern US cities which
this plane would be ideal for. Unfortunately, American won these
hotly contested routes and Eastern wound up using the DC-8-63PFs
for Military Airlift Command flights where the high capacity &
long range could be utilized. During 1972-1975 Eastern phased
out most of their DC-8 fleet as new widebody jets arrived to replace
them. Click Here to See Eastern’s
DC-8 Fleet Information. Sadly, this great airline was yet
another fatality of deregulation and ceased operations on January
18, 1991 after serving the public for over 60 years.
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